Tamil Nadu is located in southern part of India and is known for its rich heritage. It houses many old sacred temples, historic buildings and heritage monuments which attracts many heritage lovers. Tamil Nadu has the largest tourism industry in India. Tamil Nadu also has many scenic hill stations, captivating waterfalls, beautiful beaches and wildlife sanctuaries. People all over the world visit Tamil Nadu to witness the rich heritage and the scenic beauty of nature. Four places in Tamil Nadu are recognized by UNESCO as world heritage sites. 

Below are the UNESCO sites in TamilNadu:

Brihadeeswara Temple

Brihadeeswara Temple

Brihadeeswara Temple is located in the heart of Thanjavur and is one of the UNESCO Temples in TamilNadu. It was built by Rajaraja Chola-I and is 1,000 years old. It is also known as “Peruvudaiyar Kovil”. It is well known for its incredible architecture. It is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is the world’s first granite temple. The unique main sanctum was built with 130,000 tons of granite and has the tallest tower in the world which measures 216 feet height.

Temple has a huge Nandi (Bull) which weighs 25 tons. This magnificent temple has amazing sculptures and paintings. It was declared as world heritage site by UNESCO in the year 1987.

Airavateswara Temple

This temple is located in Darasuram town near Kumbakonam. It was built by Rajaraji Chola-II in 12th century. It is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. This unique temple is built in the form of huge chariot which are drawn by horses. The Dravidian style of architecture with amazing stone carvings and inscriptions on the stone walls symbolizes Cholas Empire. It was declared as world heritage site by UNESCO in the year 2004.

Gangaikonda Cholapuram

Gangaikonda Cholapuram is located in Jayankondam at Ariyalur district, Tamil Nadu. This temple is replica of Brihadeeswara Temple of Thanjavur. It was built by Rajendra Chola-I in 1035 AD when he conquered Ganga Dynasty. The temple tower measure 180 feet height and has the Dravidian style of architecture. It was declared as world heritage site by UNESCO in the year 2004 and is considered as the great living chola temples Tamil Nadu.


Mahabalipuram is located 60 km from Chennai on the coasts of Bay of Bengal. It is also known as Mamallapuram and is known for its remarkable rock sculptures and attracts archaeology lovers, so is considered as mamallapuram world heritage site. It has many monuments which are built by Pallavas during 7th to 8th century. The group of monuments includes Shore Temple, Cave Temples, Descent of Ganges, Seven Pagodas, Ratha Temples and Olakkannesvara Temple. These monuments were declared as world heritage site by UNESCO in the year 1984.

  • Shore Temple

Shore Temple is the oldest temple of South India which was built by Rajasimha of Pallava Dynasty in 7th century. This unique design has a polygonal dome having statues of sacred gods, Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva.

  • Seven Pagodas

These seven Hindu temples were constructed by Pallavas. Out of seven temples, six temples are submerged in Coromandel Coast and only one temple remains.

  • Cave Temple

Cave Temples are carved out of rocks. Some of the cave temples are, Varaha Cave Temple, Panchapandava Cave Temple, Mahisamardini Cave Temple and Krishna Cave Temple.

  • Descent of the Ganges

Descent of the Ganges is the largest open air rock relief in the world known as Arjuna’s Penance. It has incredible art on the bulky rock.

  • Ratha Temple

These temples were built by King Narasimha of Pallava Dynasty during 7th to 8th century. There are 8 Ratha Temples out of which 5 temples are named after Pandavas as, Bhima Ratha, Arjuna Ratha, Dharmaraja Ratha, Nakula Ratha and Sahadeva Ratha and one is named after Draupadi. These Ratha Temples are built with monolithic stones.

  • Olakkannaesvara Temple

This temple was built in 8th century by Pallavas. It is also known as The Old Light House. It is situated on the hill and one can have the beautiful view from this temple. This temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva.

Nilgiri Mountain Railway

This railway line was built by British in the year 1908. It is 1000 mm meter gauge railway in Ooty, Tamilnadu. It is the only rack railway in India. Ride in this train will be most memorable as it passes through thick forest and mountains with breathtaking views of the scenic beauty of nature. It is the prime attraction in Ooty. It was declared as world heritage site by UNESCO in the year 2005.

Nilgiri Mountain Railway

Nilgiri Mountain Railway Booking

You can book the tickets through Indian Railway website very similarly like booking other train.

But book the ticket well in advance especially during peak season. Read more about How to Book, Ticket Fee and Route of Nilgiri Mountain Railway from holidays dna

Nilgiri Mountain Railway Timings

You can get all the information about Nilgiri Express like route and timing from IRCTC Tourism

You can travel in Nilgiri Mountain Railway by booking through IRCTC website or directly from the PRS counter in the station.

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